Image credit: Pixabay.

By Dr Tushar Chauhan October 015, 2022

The Human Genome: 10 Scientific Facts

A cell’s entire haploid set of DNA is known as a genome. Here are 10 amazing scientific statistics on the human genome.

Video by Andrew Kalanchuk from Pixabay

The Human genome contains 3.2 billion base pairs arranged on 23 pairs of chromosomes.

Image credit: NHGRI.

Protein coding genes are 20,597 which is around 1% of the total genome.

Image credit: Gerd Altmann from Pixabay 

Among the total non-coding DNA 45% are transposons.

Video credit: Johannes Wünsch from Pixabay 

Approximately 50% of genomic sequences are repetitive DNA.

Image credit: Thor Deichmann from Pixabay 

3.9% of the genome contains smaller non-coding RNA including microRNA and siRNA.

Image credit: Furiosa-L from Pixabay

The Human genome contains roughly 4 to 5 million SNPs, meaning SNP occurs after every 1000 nucleotides.

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No of pseudogenes are 17, 301.

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4% of human genomes code for microRNA. miRNA has a pivotal role in the regulation of gene expression.

Image credit: Oleg Gamulinskiy from Pixabay

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